November 16, 2020
40% of patients with acne have scarring. Acne scars are the physical and textural skin changes that occur as a result of severe acne.
While acne scars aren’t permanent or dangerous, patients see acne scars as a cosmetic issue and want to treat them. What many patients don’t know is there are many types of acne scars (as there as many types of acne) and each scar type requires different treatments.
Here’s how professionals can educate patients on the different types of acne scars and the recommended treatments.
Technically, this type of scarring is called “hypertrophic scarring.” But a keloid forms as a result.
A keloid is a discoloured, raised, and bumpy scar. These scars form when your body is trying to heal itself after inflammation. During this process, your body may produce too many cells, resulting in a keloid.
Most patients find success in seeking professional treatment. But once the keloid shrinks or is flatter, Retinol Serums can be used to decrease the size of the keloid even more.
Hyperpigmentation isn’t technically an acne scar. However, it’s a common occurrence after an acne breakout, which is why it’s worth mentioning here.
Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of the skin during the healing process. This occurs from severe inflammation and bad pimples. Hyperpigmentation is more common among those with more melanin (those with darker skin tones and those who tan easily).
Overtime, hyperpigmentation fades. But patients can expedite the process using different skincare products.
Retinol is by far the most effective option. A Retinol and Resurfacing Serum is often successful. It treats epidermal melanin by enhancing cell turnover. New skin cells will decrease the look of hyperpigmentation.
Patients can also use different brightening products, such as a brightening serum. Many brightening products are made with safe and natural ingredients such as vitamin C.
Of course, this doesn’t mean patients shouldn’t forget about acne prevention. A cleanser made with salicylic acid will deep clean the pores, avoiding breakouts.
Don't forget about sun protection! UV rays can darken your acne scars. To ensure hyperpigmentation doesn’t worsen, patients should use a broad-spectrum sunscreen every day to ward off damaging UV rays.
Rolling scars are multiple indentations that cause a rolling or wave-like effect on your skin. This is not only the result of heavy inflammation but also long-term acne problems.
Unfortunately, this type of scarring gets worse if not treated. As you age, your skin loses its elasticity and natural tightness. That’s because our skin doesn’t produce as much collagen compared to when we were younger.
Collagen is what gives your skin strength. Without collagen, rolling scars become more obvious and more difficult to treat.
Since rolling scars lack collagen, retinol is the best treatment for rolling scars. Patients are advised to look for a retinol serum that targets skin texture issues and irregularities. A Retinol Smoothing Serum is often the perfect solution.
It's also recommended you treat your rolling scars on the outside, as well. A chemical peel is a perfect solution. You'll specifically want to find a TCA Peel. "TCA" stands for trichloroacetic acid that lifts dead skin cells and encourages your cells to produce more collagen and hyaluronic acid, filling in your scars.
Ice pick scars are small depressions in your skin. They got the name “ice pick scars” because they look like tiny needle marks in your skin. The scars are narrow but they’re deep, making them difficult to treat.
These scars occur when your skin loses collagen. The depression is the result of your skin going through a “collapsing’ effect without collagen support. Ice pick scars typically form after cystic acne.
Chemical peels and exfoliators are recommended for ice pick scarring. These products exfoliate the skin, removing the outer layer of the skin. This improves your skin's texture and reduces the appearance of deep ice pick acne scars.
Fortunately, there are many exfoliators you can use at home. A Liquid Exfoliant made with alpha and polyhydroxy acids will smooth out your skin, hiding the appearance of your ice pick scars.
Be sure to use an effective moisturiser after exfoliating. Since those with ice pick scars lack collagen, using an anti-ageing or Firming Cream will enhance your skin's natural collagen levels, filling in those scars.
Boxcar scars are a result of inflammatory acne. These scars have rougher edges but are shallower than icepick scars. Many describe the appearance as someone pushing their fingernail through the skin. That’s because of the depression in the skin that pulls skin tissue downward.
Boxcar acne scars are one of the most difficult types of acne scars to treat. Therefore, users will have to treat their skin from the inside and out.
First, use an effective cleanser to exfoliate your skin cells at the top layer. You can do this by using a Glycolic Resurfacing Cleanser. Glycolic acid loosens skin cells to uncover new and radiant skin underneath.
You'll need to moisturise glycolic acid treatments. After the cleanser, find a moisturiser or Healing Gel that aids in collagen production. This will help fill and correct your acne scars.
After a patient treats their acne, scars may unfortunately form. There are many different types of acne scars and the scarring a patient endures depends on what type of acne they had, their skin type, and how they care for their skin.
While professional procedures are recommended, many patients can reduce the appearance of acne scars with over-the-counter products. Professionals should have these products available at their spa and treatment centres, recommending these products to clients before undergoing intense treatments.
Take a look at our mineral skin care products today.
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