July 31, 2020
Despite what some companies will tell you, not all skincare products work with every type of skin. In fact, if you're using the wrong product for your skin complexion, you could end up making existing conditions worse.
That's why the first step to choosing a moisturiser is to know your skin type. It will save you a lot of trouble and streamline the selection process.
Keep reading to learn more about the types of skin complexions and get some tips on how you should treat each of them. There are three main types with a few sub-categories to consider.
Oily Skin Complexions
The first main category of skin complexion types is oily skin. These are overall characterized by an excess of oil -- especially in the t-zone -- and break-outs. The sub-type of oily skin is partly determined by how frequently these occur.
True oily skin is oily all over your face. You have the most breakouts of all the skin types and frequently deal with clogged pores along with other skin problems.
The best way to deal with your skin is to keep it cleansed and be sure you exfoliate as frequently as needed to keep your pores clear of dirt and excess sebum. You'll also want to use antiseptics to avoid infection.
It may seem like an oxymoron, but skin can be both oily and dry. This skin type is characterized by having oily skin in the t-zone but dry or tight skin on the rest of the face. Acne is generally mild and happens occasionally.
For combination skin, it's important to focus on using exfoliants that are non-drying. You need to keep your pores cleansed without drying out your face as this can cause breakouts.
The final oily skin type is oily/sensitive. Your skin will be oily mostly in the t-zone but sensitive, red, or irritated in other regions, especially after using strong drying products.
To avoid the consistent breakouts that can occur with this type of skin, you need to choose products that soothe and moisturize your skin while cleansing your pores. Avoid harsh chemicals as these can irritate your sensitive skin.
Normal Skin Complexions
There are two skin complexions that are considered normal. These don't fall into being excessively oily or dry.
While some may consider these the best type of skin to have because it sounds low-maintenance, the truth is you still need to take good care of normal skin complexions so they don't become problematic.
True normal skin will be drier during the winter and oilier during the summer as it reacts more noticeably to changes in season. However, these changes are usually mild and only require small adjustments to your skincare routine.
Overall, it's important to keep your skin clean, exfoliated, and moisturised to allow it to continue to thrive and to keep it looking young.
Normal skin that's also sensitive will make the same subtle shift between oily and dry depending on the season. It also features consistent redness or irritation and may react strongly to certain chemicals or conditions.
Care for this type of skin as you would true normal skin while focusing on gentle exfoliants and soothing products that will help reduce redness and rosacea on your face.
Dry Skin Complexions
The final main category of skin complexions is dry skin. These all have skin that feels dry or tight all over, even in the summer months when others are dealing with excess oil.
Often, having this type of skin will cause you to appear older than you are which is why many people with dry skin types use a lot of anti-ageing products.
True dry skin can also be referred to as a "tired" complexion. If you have this type of skin, your skin has a droopy appearance and has lost a lot of its natural glow. It may also have lost some elasticity.
The best way to treat this type of skin is by focusing on products that restore energy and tightness to the skin. You may also need to work harder at giving the area around your eyes a boost to help reverse the signs of ageing.
Dry and sensitive skin will often be red or irritated. You may also experience rosacea with this skin type. Flare-ups can happen when you use harsh chemicals or drying products that are primarily for oily skin types.
Use moisturizers that use more natural ingredients and have soothing active ingredients that will reduce redness and irritability. You'll also want to focus on restoring elasticity and brightness to your skin.
The last type of dry skin is typically caused by sun damage. The easiest way to tell this type apart from true dry skin is that sun-damaged skin often has brown spots, an obvious loss of elasticity, and broken capillaries.
To treat sun-damaged skin, you'll want to use firming products along with brightening products that will help even out the skin tone. It's also important to use skincare products that are rich in nutrients to help heal your damaged skin.
It's also important to note that prevention is the best medicine when it comes to your skin. Over time, UV exposure can lead to the development of skin cancer which is why dermatologists recommend wearing sunscreen all year round.
Shop for Your Skin Type
Now you know what the different skin complexions are. As you can see, you could have dry or oily skin, normal skin, or a mixture of these.
With a better understanding of what skin type you have, you're ready to get the right products. It's easy to see how using the wrong product for your skin type can make the problems you're dealing with even worse.
If you want to check out which products were made by dermatologists specifically for your skin type and to treat certain conditions, check out our shop. From there, you can browse by skin type to find a selection of products that are right for you.
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